JRP 2022 UN partnership
Within the JRP 2022 partnership, there are 3 UN (UNICEF, UNHCR and WFP) in 34 Rohingya camps.
WFP supports all camps, UNHCR 14 and UNICEF 19 camps. Camp 23 was closed at the end of November 2021.
The map below presents the location of the UNICEF and UNHCR supporting camps.
Map 1. Distribution of UN (UNICEF and UNHCR) partnership in the Rohingya camps.
JRP 2022 implementing partners
In the JRP 2022 implementation period there are 5 implementing partners: CWW (Concern Wold Wide), RI (Relief International) and GK, SHED and SARPV (national NGO). Besides the implementing partners, there is a technical partner Care International provides supportive supervision and capacity building activities for UNICEF's partners and camps.
Map 2 shows the location of the partnerships and integrated nutrition facilities by camps.
Map 2. Partnerships by camps, JRP 2022 period
JRP 2022 implementing partners shift
In 2022, some INF in the camps will be handed over to new partners. ACF and WC/Medair are resigning the camp-based nutrition services and other new partner agencies such as GK and RI are stepping in the nutrition sector's INF services.
The table below shows the changes in the INF management in 2022 vs 2021. Only those camps where there is a change in the partnership in the camps shown.
Table 1. Changed partnership by camp.
Nutrition sector's 'localisation' progress in 2022
The nutrition sector looks at the 'localisation' services from a different angle. The sector's service network was 'rationalised' by the beginning of 2020. There are 45 integrated nutrition facilities out of existed 86 in 2018-2019 in the camps. The nutrition sector looks at the number and proportion of integrated nutrition facilities under the supervision of the national implementing partners. in 2022, there is 62 per cent of INF managed by the national implements partners vs 40 per cent in 2021 (see the chart below).
Chart 1. The proportion of the INF managed by the national and international implementing partners in 2021 and 2022.
Severe Acute Malnutrition in children under five by camp (severely analysis)
Map 3 shows the distribution of malnutrition (wasting SAM - severe acute malnutrition) among children under five in the Rohingya camps. The data in the legend shows the prevalence of SAM in per cent (SENS 2021 and Programme data 2020-2021). The camps in dark red are the most vulnerable from the severe acute malnutrition prevalence point of view.
Map 3. SAM prevalence by camp
Severe Acute Malnutrition in children under five and food insecurity (two-factor severity analysis of severe acute malnutrition in the camps using mathematical model)
The nutrition sector's coordination unit analysed the different factors influencing malnutrition. Map 4 shows the distribution of food insecurity situation by camp (food consumption score and dietary diversity with the basement on SAM). The initial colour layer is taken for SAM and covered by food consumption score and HDDI to see the contribution of the food insecurity on child wasting in the camps.
The areas with the darker FCS and HDDI areas have a higher prevalence of malnutrition. Compare the camps in Map 3 and Map 4. We can conclude that food insecurity is one of the direct determinants of malnutrition (SAM in children under five). It would be helpful to understand the reasons for lower FCS and HDDI in those camps.
The multi-factor analysis of malnutrition (wasting; SAM) by camp in concordance with health, food security and protection. The dark green coloured camps are the most vulnerable by multi-factor severity analysis.
Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in children under five and other contributing factors (assumption) of SAM using multi-factor severity analysis (mathematical model)
The nutrition sector's coordination unit considered the following determinants of malnutrition (SAM CU5) in the camps:
Nutrition - prevalence of SAM in children under five as a main layer of the map and analysis
Food security - FCS and HDDI (see Map 4)
Health - AWD (Acute Watery Disease: diarrhoea), ARI (Acute Respiratory Infection) and TB (Tuberculosis). It is a normalised synchronisation of the different variables under the Health layer of the map.
Protection - disability prevalence by camp as one of the determinants of malnutrition even in smaller impact ranges.
The findings closely correlate with the areas of higher vulnerability from the SAM perspective. This means that all those factors such as food insecurity, the poor health status of children and the higher presence of disability influence and can control malnutrition rates in the respective camps. More research for understanding the actual and strongest causalities of malnutrition should be analysed for the needs-based planning of all nutrition, health, food security and protection interventions.
Map 6. Multi-factor analysis of SAM prevalence determinants
JRP 2022 HNO 2022 (targets) - mathematical model
The JRP 2022 targets to reach the following Rohingya groups of population in the camps:
12,000 SAM children under five with OTP curative nutrition services
42,000 MAM children under five with TSFP curative nutrition services
3,000 MAM PLW nutrition curative services (TSFP)
145,000 children under five with BSFP nutrition preventive services
42,000 PLW with BSFP nutrition preventive services
76,000 adolescent girls with anaemia prevention programme (IFA distribution)
31,500 PLW with anaemia prevention programme (IFA distribution)